A central vacuum cleaner is a type of vacuum cleaner appliance that installed into a building as a semi-permanent fixture. Central vacuum systems are designed to remove dirt and debris from homes and buildings, sending dirt particles through tubing installed inside the walls to a collection container in a remote utility space. The power unit is a permanent fixture, usually installed in a basement, garage, or storage room, along with the collection container. Inlets are installed in walls throughout the building that attach to power hoses and other central vacuum accessories to remove dust, particles, and small debris from interior rooms. Most power hoses usually have a power switch located on the handle.
The Components of a Central Vacuum System:
Vacuum Unit - Core:
The vacuum unit is located in a remote location such as the basement or garage. The vacuum motor pulls air through the pipes in the walls and hand held hose, pulling all of the dirt and debris in the home to the main units filtration system. The exhausted air is then either vented outside or within the surrounding area. The vacuum is usually powered on when a vacuum hose is inserted into an inlet installed within the home. Depending on the type and capacity of the filter used, it should be replaced every three months to a year.
The Hose - Control:
Central vacuum hoses are made to be lightweight, flexible, and crushproof. They are available in a variety of lengths, and are the only part of the system taken in hand throughout the home and can be used to clean any surface of the home with an assortment of attachments.
Pipes and Inlets - Connection:
Vacuum pipe connects the main unit to the wall inlet valves. The inlet valves, or ports, connect to the hose and enable the suction to be turned on and off. Two-inch diameter PVC piping begins at the main unit and splits off to different areas of the home. The piping goes into the wall and connects to the back of an inlet. One inlet can be able to cover a large area, sometimes over 1,000 square feet. Traditional inlets are available with 110 volt power to be used with most powerful carpet cleaners. All inlets have a low voltage wire connected to them that turns the suction unit on-and-off.
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